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中國名片 | 湖南故事 山水洲城 快樂長沙之 你聽說過風蓬嶺漢墓中的金縷玉衣嗎?
The name card of China The story of Hunan:The landscape Island City The happy Changsha Have you ever heard of the golden wisp of jade in Fengpengling's Han tomb?
張思靜 Zhang Sijing [第3464期 2020-04-27發表]
Changsha, a famous historical and cultural city in China.  In 1972, all over the world was shocked by its Western Han female corpse from the Mawangdui Han Dynasty Tomb which had survived more than 2,000 years without decay and with visible skin lines . The sound of reading of the Millennium Yuelu Academy, the copper official kiln of the world-shaking shipwrecked Black Stone, and the four sheep square of the largest Shang Dynasty square of China are the historical witness of this cultural city.  But today, we want to talk about another Han tomb in Changsha City , "Huangchangticou", "Golden wisp of jade" ... When the magic thing which was written in the book <Time Raider> is real, let's listen the stories that history brings to future generations.

There are 6 National Archaeological Sites in Hunan Province, and only the Changsha Archaeological Site Park of Han Dynasty has not yet been completed and opened.
In December 2005, Fengpengling, Wangcheng County, on the suburbs of Changsha City, found an ancient tomb, the tomb pattern is "Huangchangticou". its funeral specifications are imperial, and its princely level is higher than the Mawangdui Han Dynasty Tomb. The tomb presents a Chinese word “中”, with total length of 30.3 meters, the tomb passage is 10.7 meters long and 5.6 meters wide, the tomb chamber is 19.6 meters long and 14.8 meters wide. The whole tomb is divided into three rows of nine chambers by huge square woods, each individual chamber has its own function, mainly had the carriage and horse store, musical instruments store, grain store, kitchen, coin store, weapons store, toilet room and so on.

An effect map of the Changsha Archaeological Site Park of Han Dynasty.
At the back end of the tomb and back rooms of the tomb,archaeologists found two cave holes, from the hole excavated bronze gilt sheep town, gold foil jade pendant, celadon bowl, celadon double lip altar and other artifacts, experts speculated that the tomb was stolen in the Tang Dynasty, however, the tomb was stolen but still unearthed the fragments of gold and jade clothes, Gold Cake, bronze, jade, lacquer and other rare cultural artifacts.
玉衣最早叫做玉匣(yù xiá)、玉柙(yù xiá),《後漢書》中曾記載:這是能使人屍身不朽的王侯葬服。它以四角鉆孔的玉片為料,金、銀、銅或絲織品為線,按照人體形狀做成衣服。
Jade was first called the jade box and jade suit , which was recorded in the Book of the ”Later Han” : This is a royal burial suit that can immortalize the body of a man . It is made of jade flakes drilled in four corners and threaded with gold, silver, copper or silk woven to make clothes according to the shape of the body.


The king of Changsha ‘s seal, Changsha jade seal
金縷玉衣即玉衣,實為漢朝最高規格的喪葬殮服,在長江以北的地區出土過八次,而長江以南地區僅在衡陽曾出土過一件絲縷玉衣,該墓葬發現的金縷玉衣殘片是長江以南地區首次出土殘存的錯金玉片。當時的人們十分迷信玉能夠保持屍骨不朽, 更把玉作為一種高貴的禮器和身份的象徵,根據嚴格的漢朝制度,金縷玉衣只有皇帝能夠使用,但在漢朝各地諸侯王墓中,卻已經多次發現,證實了墓主享受了漢代帝王級的喪葬規格。
The Gold wisp jade clothing, that is, jade clothing, is the highest- specification funeral uniform of the Han Dynasty, in the area north of the Yangtze River has been excavated eight times, while the area south of the Yangtze River has only excavated a silk jade clothing in Henyang, the remains of the tomb found in the area south of the Yangtze River is the first unearthed of the wrong piece of gold jade. At that time, people were very superstitious that jade can keep the corpse and bones immortal, but also jade as a noble ritual and identity symbol. According to the strict Han Dynasty system, only the emperor could use the golden jade clothing, but it has been found many times in the tombs of lords and kings throughout the Han Dynasty, confirming that the tomb owners enjoyed the Han Dynasty emperor-level funeral specifications.
Who is the owner of such a high-level tomb? Among the dozens of well-preserved excavated later, a lacquer ear cup had the words "Changsha Queen's family Cup" and "Zhang Ji", according to the five baht coins excavated from the tomb and the words of the lacquerware, archaeologists judged that the tomb owner was the queen of King Changsha in the mid to late Western Han Dynasty, and deduced that there was a queen's tomb, which must be surrounded by the tomb of The Changsha King. Sure enough, after the exploration and archaeological team found a second large tomb a few kilometers away from the Queen's tomb ,from the judgment of burial system, it is likely to be the tomb of a certain Changsha King, and named "Feng Pengling tomb No.2", but according to the relevant regulations, the emperor's tomb cannot take the initiative to excavate, so the archaeological team did not excavate the second tomb, but did registration. Unfortunately, the tomb suffered a grave robbery in 2009.

Mysterious Han Dynasty Tomb
Perhaps, it is history that has regrets. In 2013, the tomb of the King of Changsha in Xihan Dynasty was announced as a national key cultural heritage protection unit, and the 21 undiscovered tombs of the King of Changsha in West Han Dynasty are a huge and unparalleled treasure trove of underground cultural relics, which has been strictly protected.
(Picture: Changsha City Culture, Tourism, Radio and Television Sports Bureau)

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